The second trimester represents the middle part of your pregnancy. It is defined as starting, between the beginning of week 13 to week 26 – roughly months four, five and six.
It is often considered the most comfortable and enjoyable trimester for many women as some of the early pregnancy symptoms may have subsided, and the risk of miscarriage decreases.
The second trimester marks a turning point for you and your baby. You will begin to feel better and will start showing the pregnancy more. The most thrilling part of this stretch is that your baby bump becomes visible. Your belly begins to bulge as your womb grows upwards and outwards.
Foetal growth: Your baby grows rapidly during this time, and many of its vital organs and systems develop. By the end of the second trimester, your baby will be about 23 cm long and weigh about 800 grams.
Foetal movements: As your baby grows and becomes more active, you may start to feel movement and kicks.
Early pregnancy discomforts reduce, some even disappear – These changes can be attributed to a decrease in levels of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) hormone and an adjustment to the levels of estrogen and progesterone hormones. You will be:
- Less nauseous
- Feeling of vomiting will decrease
- Morning sickness usually lessens by this time
- Energy levels will improve
- Better Sleep patterns
- Breasts will no longer be as sensitive and tender as before
- Finally food may smell and taste good and appetite will increase.
Changes in skin and hair: Some women experience changes in their skin and hair during pregnancy, such as acne, stretch marks, and changes in hair texture and growth.
Weight gain: Weight gain is common during pregnancy, and in the second trimester, your weight will increases with 1.5 kilograms every month.
Emotional changes: Pregnancy can be an emotional time, and many women experience mood swings, anxiety, and stress during the second trimester.
Routine prenatal visits: During the second trimester, you will have routine prenatal visits with your gynaecologist, which may include tests to monitor your baby’s growth and development.
The second trimester is often considered the safest and most comfortable trimester, but it’s important to note that every pregnancy is different, and complications can arise at any time. Maintaining regular prenatal care and consulting your gynaecologist and health care providers is crucial for a healthy pregnancy and delivery.