Postpartum depression (PPD) is a type of depression that happens after having a baby. It affects up to 15% of people. People with postpartum depression experience emotional highs and lows, frequent crying, fatigue, guilt, anxiety and may have trouble caring for their baby. Postpartum depression can be treated with medication and counselling.
Here are two different types of postpartum mood disorders –
- Postpartum blues or baby blues -The baby blues affect between 50% and 75% of people after delivery. If you’re experiencing the baby blues, you will have frequent, prolonged bouts of crying for no apparent reason, sadness and anxiety. The condition usually begins in the first week (one to four days) after delivery. Although the experience is unpleasant, the condition usually subsides within two weeks without treatment. The best thing you can do is find support and ask for help from friends, family or your partner.
- Postpartum depression – Postpartum depression (PPD) is a far more serious condition than the baby blues, affecting about 1 in 7 new parents. If you’ve had postpartum depression before, your risk increases to 30% each pregnancy. You may experience alternating highs and lows, frequent crying, irritability and fatigue, as well as feelings of guilt, anxiety and inability to care for your baby or yourself. Symptoms range from mild to severe and may appear within a week of delivery or gradually, even up to a year later. Although symptoms can last several months, treatment with psychotherapy or antidepressants is very effective.
Ways to manage postpartum depression –
- Find someone to talk to — a therapist, friend, family member or someone who will listen to you and help you. It can be a huge relief to tell someone and can help you make sense of everything.
- Try to eat healthily and find time for exercise – Healthy eating alone won’t cure PPD. Still, getting into the habit of eating nutritious foods can help you feel better and give your body the nutrients you need. Similarly, light exercise routine followed everyday may have an antidepressant effect on women with PPD. It can help boost mood and promote physical recovery.
- Prioritize rest for yourself – Set aside quality time for yourself to relax and take a break from your baby. Do what makes you feel good and replenishes your self-belief.
- Support – New mothers should not hesitate to ask for help and support from family and friends. Joining a support group can also provide a sense of community and emotional support.
- Find time for self-care and doing things you enjoy, like reading or other hobbies.
- Get help with household chores or errands – It will you some time to rest and relax and not be under pressure.
- Medical Care: Regular postpartum check-ups with a healthcare provider can help monitor physical recovery and identify any potential complications.
Postpartum depression common and temporary emotional condition that affects many new mothers after childbirth. While it can be challenging, taking care of yourself, and seeking support can help alleviate symptoms and promote recovery.